We are extremely pleased to announce the four successful intermediate grants of the “d-r Ljupcho Melovski” programme, 2021. We wish them great success, and as the first of their kind (intermediate-level grants) we hope that the candidates, the scientific jury and MES will learn greatly from the two-year experiences that will follow.
1. DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATION OF METHODS FOR MONITORING OF VOLATILE AND SEMI-VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THE AIR OF SKOPJE
Coordinator: Ivona Sofronievska
Summary: The goal of this project is to develop methods suitable for analysis of semivolatile and volatile organic compounds in the air that will enable data collection about their presence and concentrations. These methods will also be used to determine the impact of two landfills in Skopje: one with municipal and one with chemical waste. This will be the first study of its kind in our country and will also encourage regular monitoring of volatile organic compounds in the air. Studying air pollution by these compounds is an important starting aspect for creating a sustainable monitoring program and improving the waste management system.
2. Shar Planina Mt.: a refuge of the Balkan mires
Coordinator: Marija Trencheva
Summary: The high mountain mires of Shar Planina are small ecosystems, rich in relict and endemic species, remnants of the glacial-interglacial cycles. As one of the southernmost points of their distribution, Shar Planina Mountain represent a refuge for rare mire species that enrich the Balkan flora and fauna. Their specific ecological characteristics provide background for their diversity, however, minor environmental changes makes these ecosystems extremely vulnerable. Considering future climate trends, these ecosystems face possible extinction from the Balkans.
3. FLINDANE – Biodegradation of the pesticide lindane through bioremediation processes by filamentous fungi
Coordinator: Marija Todorovska Ivkovikj
Summary: Not all naturally occurring microorganisms are hazardous pathogens. A fragment consists of useful and symbiotic species contributing to mankind and natural systems via the processes of antibiosis, fermentation, antibiotic production, and a fragment even possess the capability to utilize dangerous compounds, such as highly recalcitrant pesticides whose breakdown in natural conditions is arduous. The project aims towards biodegradation of the pesticide lindane from soils by isolating and utilizing the native microorganisms possessing such capabilities. Isolation of lindane tolerant microorganisms and the development of methods for their adaptation at the end would enable complete lindane elimination and soil decontamination.
4. CONSERVATION OF THE STENO-ENDEMIC RELICT SPECIES THYMUS OEHMIANUS AND THE SUBENDEMIT VIOLA KOSANINII FROM THE FLORA OF THE REPUBLIC OF N. MACEDONIA
Coordinator: Sara Cvetanoska
Summary: The Republic of N. Macedonia is very important hotspots for biodiversity. On its territory develops over 3700 plant taxa, of which 117 are endemic and there are many relict and rare species. The subject of research within this project proposal is the steno-endemic and relict species Thymus oehmianus Ronniger & Soska and the subendemic Viola kosaninii (Degen) Hayek, that are listed on the Priority Red List of the Macedonian flora. Their status of threatened will be assessed, monitoring protocols will be established and measures for their further conservation will be proposed.