The Plant and Ecosystem Protection Programme has two approaches; the first focuses on the protection of wild plants, whereas the second aims at the study of given ecosystems. The programme yields results by raising the awareness about the importance of various wild plant species and by giving value to vital ecosystem benefits. For more than ten years, MES has been developing projects recording and protecting plant biodiversity and has established new conservation groups working on the protection mentioned. The concept of ecosystem conservation is somewhat new to MES. The concept focuses on research and study of entire ecosystems from various aspects – ecological, biological, social and economic. MES’s goal in implementing this programme also entails gaining knowledge about the condition of, reasons behind and threats causing ecosystem disruption. Therefore, such insight is instrumental to attaining sustainable use of ecosystem services, and promoting and raising the awareness about their values.