In the attempt to halt the loss of biological diversity and maintain people’s wellbeing, one ought to have deep understanding of nature in all its facets, on the one hand, and of the needs of society, on the other. Current trends demand improved skills among policy creators, national key stakeholders and the local population. By combining knowledge and experience, MES bolsters the implementation of policies on nature and biodiversity through effective communication, organisation and mediation in processes directly involving the local population, thereby strengthening the capacity of local NGOs and promoting public awareness raising on important issues related to nature. MES through this programme seeks to tackle challenges in the conservation of biodiversity. Nonetheless, this mission would be unattainable unless people and nature are seen in a unified way. Programme goals rest on grasping societal and cultural contexts and channelling them towards conservation of natural values.